The learning process is fundamental for students to have a better and more effective absorption of the content. Therefore, choosing a teaching methodology that makes sense for each context is essential.
This is justified by the fact that an assertive approach, designed to promote meaningful learning, involves students in practical activities and adapts to their characteristics and needs, making knowledge passed on in a light way and with easier absorption.
So, if you are an educator or want to specialize more in the subject, you are in the right place! Here, we have prepared content that will explain everything you need to know about the subject, from the basic concepts to the steps for applying it to choosing the teaching methodology that makes the most sense for each context.
What are teaching Methodologies?
Teaching methodologies consist of practices, study techniques, strategies, approaches, tools and techniques used by educators in order to enhance the learning process and make it easier for their students.
As such, they have increasingly become the focus of Education 4.0. That is, teaching and learning methods are currently considered the core to encourage students to improve aspects such as:
Cognitive skills ;
Interaction in groups;
Leadership and autonomy characteristics;
This happens because these teaching methodologies are applied and adapted according to the context, taking into account aspects such as the educational institution, the characteristics of each student, and the learning objectives.
In summary, teaching methodologies are important to ensure that students have a meaningful and effective learning experience, in addition to helping teachers plan and organize classroom activities.
Therefore, it is important to know in depth what the possibilities are, to know in which scenarios each one of them fits best and to apply them assertively. So let’s start to understand more about the principles of teaching methodologies. Here we go.
What are the principles of Teaching Methodologies?
There are several principles that can guide the teaching methodologies used by teachers and educators, but some of the most important include:
Meaningful learning: teaching methodologies must be designed to ensure that students can connect new knowledge with their previous experiences, making learning more meaningful and lasting;
Activity: students should be encouraged to be active and participative in the learning process, engaging in practical activities that allow the application of acquired knowledge;
Flexibility: teaching methodologies must be adapted to the characteristics and needs of students, taking into account factors such as the level of cognitive development, learning style and culture;
Interdisciplinarity: methods need to allow students to integrate knowledge from different areas, promoting the understanding of phenomena and situations in a broader and more complex way;
Contextualization: the approaches must be related to the students’ reality and context, allowing them to understand the importance and usefulness of the acquired knowledge;
Formative assessment: assessment mechanisms need to be continuous, thus allowing teachers to identify students’ difficulties and progress in order to adjust activities and teaching strategies appropriately.
These principles may vary according to the pedagogical approach adopted, but they are important to ensure that teaching methodologies are effective in promoting student learning.